Confused by phrases like Internet Protocol (IP), IPv6, IPv4 and IPng? Webopedia explains the difference between IPv4 and IPv6, and looks at the topic of migrating to a 128-bit address space.
IP (short for Internet Protocol) specifies the technical format ofpackets and the addressing scheme for computers to communicate over a network. Most networks combine IP with a higher-level protocol called Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which establishes a virtual connection between a destination and a source.
IP by itself can be compared to something like the postal system. It allows you to address a package and drop it in the system, but there’s no direct link between you and the recipient. TCP/IP, on the other hand, establishes a connection between two hosts so that they can send messages back and forth for a period of time.
Business intelligence (BI) is the use of computing technologies for the identification, discovery and analysis of business data – like sales revenue, products, costs and incomes.
BI technologies provide current, historical and predictive views of internally structured data for products and departments by establishing more effective decision-making and strategic operational insights through functions like online analytical processing (OLAP), reporting, predictive analytics, data/text mining, benchmarking and Business Performance Management (BPM). These technologies
Techopedia explains Business Intelligence (BI)
Developed in the mid-1980s, modern BI evolved from 1960s-era decision support systems (DSS), which, with help of computer-aided models, assisted with planning and decision-making, leading to executive information systems (EIS), data warehouses (DW), OLAP and BI. BI did not achieve widespread acceptance until the late 1990s.
BI software applications are used to gather data from data warehouses or data marts, which are separate yet linked BI architectural stack segments used for the preparation and use of data.
BI is used for multiple business purposes, including:
•Measurement of performance and benchmarking progress toward business goals
•Quantitative analysis through predictive analytics, predictive modeling, business process modeling and statistical analysis
•Reporting of departmental/divisional and enterprise perspectives of data visualization, EISs and OLAP
•Collaborative programs that allow internal and external business entities to collaborate through electronic data interchange (EDI) and data sharing
•Use of knowledge management programs to identify and create insights and experiences for learning management and regulatory compliance
BI also involves specific methodologies and procedures for implementing such interactive information gathering techniques, including:
•Identifying interview teams
•Selecting and preparing interviewees
•Developing interview questions
•Scheduling and sequencing interviews
BI and its subset, competitive intelligence (CI), are considered synonymous. Like CI, BI is considered a decision support system (DSS). CI manages information focused on business competitors, whereas BI manages these functions (and more) by focusing on internal business products and departments.
Studies by Merrill Lynch indicate that 85 percent of all business information is made up of unstructured or semi-structured data, including emails, news, reports, Web pages, presentations, phone conversation notes, image files, video files and marketing information. In the IT industry, management of such data is considered a major unsolved problem.
More information to: